Public Administration Foundations

Contents

Unit 1: The World Market

  1. Aims
  2. Context
  3. Why do Countries Trade?
  4. The Gains from Specialisation
  5. Trade with Comparative Advantages
  6. Other Advantages of International Trade
  7. Barriers to Trade
  8. Reasons for Barriers to Trade
  9. Arguments Against Protection
  10. The Importance of U.K. International Trade
  11. Composition of U.K. Imports and Exports
  12. Reasons for the Decline of Manufacturing
  13. Problems of Exporting
  14. The European Union (Community)
  15. European Monetary Union
  16. Summary

Unit 2: Business Law

  1. Aims
  2. Context
  3. Introduction                                                             
  4. Types of Contract of Employment
  5. Formation of the Contract
  6. Terms of the Contract                             
  7.  (b) Implied Duties of an Employee Indemnity
  8. Termination of employment
  9. Unfair Dismissal
  10. Redundancy
  11. Equal Pay
  12. Sex Discrimination

Unit 3: The Effect of Government Policies

  1. Aims
  2. Context
  3. Fiscal and Monetary Policy
  4. Government Economic Policy
  5. The money supply
  6. The Use of Monetary Policy
  7. Fiscal Policy: Public Expenditure
  8. Main Determinants of Public Expenditure
  9. Taxation
  10. Adam Smith argued that a good tax would be:
  11. Advantages of Direct Taxation
  12. Disadvantages of Direct Taxation
  13. 1.    Indirect Taxes
  14. (a)  Value Added Tax (V.A.T.)
  15. (b)  Customs Duties
  16. (c)  Excise Duties
  17. (d) Licences
  18. Advantages of Indirect Taxation
  19. Disadvantages of Indirect Taxation
  20. Local Taxation
  21. Rates (until 1989)
  22. Local Poll Tax - Community Charge
  23. Why was the Poll Tax Criticised $0 Much?
  24. The Council Tax
  25. Objectives of Government Spending
  26. Fiscal Policy and Stabilisation
  27. Local Authorities
  28. The Reasons for Local Authorities' Functions
  29. The Administration of Local Authorities
  30. The Individual and the State
  31. Why has Consumer Protection become Increasingly Important?
  32. Consumer Protection and Advertising Regulations
  33. Who Protects the Consumer?
  34. Regulating the Media
  35. Regulating to Protect Life?
  36. Summary
  37. Case Study

Unit 4: Trade Unions and Wages

  1. Aims
  2. Context
  3. Introduction : Applied Economics and Business Studies
  4. Wage Determination
  5. Disadvantages of piece-rates
  6. However both employers and workers have objected to piece-rates as:
  7. Wage Rates and Earnings
  8. Nominal and real wages
  9. Causes of Wage Differences
  10. The Demand for Labour
  11. The Supply of Labour
  12. Working Conditions
  13. Trade Unions
  14. Types of Trade Unions
  15. Trade Unions and Wages
  16. Industrial Relations
  17. The Industrial Relations Process
  18. Types of Bargaining; Joint Consultation                
  19. Collective Bargaining
  20. Domestic Bargaining
  21. Shop stewards
  22. Shop stewards: the nature of the job
  23. Management Attitude
  24. Stewards and Full Time Officials
  25. Productivity Bargaining
  26. Restrictive practices
  27. National implications of productivity Bargaining
  28. Productivity Bargaining and collective Bargaining
  29. Conflict situations
  30. Breaches of dispute procedure
  31. Strikes
  32. What causes strikes?
  33.  ‘work in’
  34. Variations of wage negotiations
  35. The Health and Safety at Work Act
  36. Summary

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